About ICA


History of Our Checkpoints

» Checkpoint in the Early Years
» Expanding Our Bases

See how we've progressed from simple checkpoints to the advanced ones we have today.

Singapore checkpoints history1

No effort was spared to serve our citizens, permanent residents and visitors to the best we can and that is evident from our state-of-the-art immigration checkpoints.

Checkpoint in the Early Years

Air and Sea Bases before Independence
In the years before Singapore's independence, our immigration checkpoints were air and sea-based.

One of the first checkpoints at that time was Seletar Airport (below). Completed in 1929, it served as a major link to remote regional areas.

Singapore checkpoints history2

Then, in 1937, Kallang Airport opened and it soon saw a rising number of travellers to Singapore. This airport's main building is now the Headquarters of the People's Association.

Passenger arrivals soon outstripped Kallang's capacity. To cope up with the demand, Paya Lebar Airport was opened on 10 August 1955.

Additional Gazetted Checkpoints

  • Railway Station, Keppel Road
  • Customs Checkpoint, Woodlands

Expanding Our Bases

Incorporation of Land Checkpoints

Coastal Checkpoints


  • Before 1961 - East Wharf, Singapore Harbour Board
  • 1961 - South Quay (end of Prince Edward Road)
  • 1975 - Finger Pier Building (end of Prince Edward Road)
  • 1992 - World Trade Centre
Our Coastal Checkpoint, currently at Harbourfront Center had shifted several times since 1961.

The Changi Immigration Control post was set up in November 1967 to clear passengers travelling between Singapore and Penggerang in South Johor.

Immigration Checkpoint for Fishing Vessels
And in 1969, the Fisheries control point shifted to its present site at Jurong Fishery Port.

Singapore checkpoints history3

Singapore witnessed a travel boom by the 1980s...

  • Changi Airport Terminal 1
  • Changi Airport Terminal 2
  • 32 additional lanes at Woodlands Checkpoint
  • Singapore Cruise Centre
  • Changi Ferry Terminal
  • Tanah Merah Ferry Terminal
  • Tuas Checkpoint
  • Woodlands Train Checkpoint
  • New Woodlands Checkpoint

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Last updated on 18 Oct 2012